Shibata Zeshin was well known for using lacquer, the sticky sap from the lacquer tree. When lacquer was used skillfully, it was considered a high art. Zeshin had the skill set needed to work with lacquer. He was determined to do well with his craft. In order to do lacquer right, there were thirty-three steps involved. It included twenty coats of lacquer, and each layer needed to be perfectly dried and sanded down before continuing on. Zeshin was a master of his craft and had a creative mind.
Johnson, Ken. “A Craft Polished to the Lofty Heights of Art.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 3 Apr. 2008,
“Birds and Jutting Rocks”